People: Andrew Crommelin





Name Crommelin, Andrew Claude de la Cherois
 
Place of work Greenwich
 
Employment dates
11 May 1891 – 11 May 1927
 


Posts 1891, May 11

Second Class Assistant

1896

Established Computer (see below)
1904, Jan 1 Assistant




Born 1865, Feb 6


Died 1939, Sep 20 (after being struck by a motor bike)
 

Family Links Daughter employed as a Computer from 1921–1924
 
Objects named after him Comet 27P/Crommelin; Crommelin crater (Moon); Crommelin crater (Mars); Asteroid 1899 Crommelin    
 
Known Addresses 1893–1894
Clifton Villa (10) Ulundi Road
  1895–1898 7 Vanburgh Park Road*
  1899–1939 Benvenue, 55 Ulundi Road*




*7 Vanburgh Park Road had previously been occupied by his father. 49–55 (odds) Ulundi Road were built in 1898–99 by F.J. Gorham, who also built 1–9 (odds), 19–21 (odds) & 32–34 (evens).

 

Andrew Crommelin. From The Leisure Hour (1898)

Probably taken around 1915, this image was released to the press around the time of Crommelin's retirement in 1927. Photograph by Elliott & Fry

Crommelin c.1930. Frontispiece from his book The Story of the Stars

Crommelin was the sixth of what turned out to be an elite group of individuals to be appointed as a Second Class Assistant, a grade that was created in 1871 and abolished in 1896. Following changes to the appointment process in 1872 all the posts at this level were filled by competitive examinations organised by the Civil Service. In total, just eight individuals were appointed under this system. All were well educated (Crommelin had a maths degree and was 27th wrangler at Cambridge – ie 27th best student in his year), and generally in their early 20s when they arrived at the Observatory. They were:

1873      Arthur Matthew Weld Downing
1873      Edward Walter Maunder
1875      William Grasett Thackeray
1881      Thomas Lewis
1881      Henry Park Hollis
1891      Andrew Claude de la Cherois
             Crommelin
1892      Walter William Bryant
1892      Thomas Charlton Hudson

Of the eight, six including Crommelin remained at the Observatory for their entire working life. Crommelin, was appointed as a Second Class Assistant following the creation of an additional post at this level. Following a regrading exercise in 1896 and the abolition of the post of First and Second Class Assistants, and their replacement with the Assistant and Established Computer grades, Crommelin was technically regraded as an Established Computer as was Bryant. In practice, both continued to be referred to by Christie as Second Class Assistants, except in the Navy Estimates. Both Crommelin and Bryant were promoted to the Assistant Grade in January 1904, Crommelin to a new post that had been created at this level, and Bryant as a result of the retirement of Nash.

Following his arrival at Greenwich, Crommelin became an observer with the Transit Circle, Airy’s Altazimuth and the Sheepshanks Equatorial. He was soon put in charge of the Altazimuth and the Sheephshanks, taking on responsibility for Christie’s Altazimuth which was erected in 1896. Following the premature death of Thackeray in 1919, Crommelin also took on responsibility for the Transit Circle. Most famous for his work on the orbit of Halley's Comet, which he carried out with the Chief Assistant Philip Cowell, Crommelin was also notable as an observer or solar eclipses, having been on expeditions in 1896, 1900, 1905 and 1919. It is worth noting here the huge pay difference and difference in seniority that existed between Crommelin (a senior wrangler – ie the best in his year at Cambridge) and Cowell who (as noted above) was 27th wrangler. Crommelin’s starting salary at the age of 25 in 1891 was £200 rising at the rate of £10 a year. Cowell on the other hand came to the Observatory as Chief Assistant in 1896, also at the age of 25, but on a starting salary of £500 rising at the rate of  £20 a year up to a maximum of £600.

In his retirement, Crommelin was elected president of the Royal Astronomcial Society, serving two years in this capacity on the Board of Visitors at Greenwich from 1929–31. For much of his life, Crommelin lived in Ulundi Road, a short stroll from the eastern boundary of Greenwich Park. He first moved into the road in 1893 when he moved in next door to Lewis. Crommelin lived in Clifton Villa (10) , Lewis in Herbert Villa (8), a pair of identical detached houses built in 1883/84 by Richard Howell. Ulundi Road was popular with the Second Class Assistants, with Maunder also living in the road at that time and Hollis a previous occupant. His sister was the wife of the poet laureate John Maesfield.

 

Obituaries

By Charles Davidson. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 100, p.234–6 (1940)

By Philibert Melotte. The Observatory, Vol. 63, p. 11–13 (1940)

 

Other reading

Investigation of the Motion of Halley's Comet From 1759 to 1910. Cowell, P. H. & Crommelin, A. C. D.